AURO - The natural choice for daily life - page 54

The bergamot fruit is a cross between the bitter orange
and the citron. It is in cultivation only in Calabria, along
a 100 km long small shoreline at the boot toe of Southern
Italy. The bergamot oil was mentioned for the first time
in the year 1750 and has remained rare and sought-after
until today. The exact region of provenance is unknown
but it can be assumed that it is of oriental
gin. The ethereal oil is used in per-
fumes and cosmetics as well as in
aromatherapy. The extraordinary
flavour is to be found only in the
peel from which the oil is won. The
flesh of the fruit is not edible.
The particular characteristic
of the peel essence is that it
contains more than 300
different aromas and
hence has a much bigger
complexity than many other
natural scents.
The clear, fresh and lively ber-
gamot scent is pre-
sent as overtone in practically all perfumes.
Besides being suited for wonderful flavour blends, ber-
gamot oil serves well to cure colds and fevers through its
anti-inflammatory characteristics. The scent of bergamot
oil is intensified by the addition of other citrus oils, e.g.
the oils of lemons, oranges, tangerines or grapefruits.
The bergamot plant reaches a growth height of approxi-
mately four metres. In the blooming period, it bears white
blossoms that emit a beautiful scent. They develop into
fruits that are harvested between November and Febru-
ary. Only the peels are used for oil production, the proce-
dure being the so-called decating. The colour of the highly
fluid oil ranges from yellow to green, its fragrance is sweet
and flowery, with a fruity note. At AURO, we use the
genuine ethereal yellowish oil from the fruit peel of the
bergamot tree (
Citris bergamia Risso
) as aromatic sub-
By the way:
In order to win 1 litre of bergamot oil,
200 kg of fruit have to be processed.
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